Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Global climate policy impacts on livestock, land use, livelihoods, and food security


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  1. Edited by Mario Herrero, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya, and accepted by the Editorial Board May 23, 2012 (received for review June 3, 2011)


Recent research has shed light on the cost-effective contribution that agriculture can make to global greenhouse gas abatement; however, the resulting impacts on agricultural production, producer livelihoods, and food security remain largely unexplored. This paper provides an integrated assessment of the linkages between land-based climate policies, development, and food security, with a particular emphasis on abatement opportunities and impacts in the livestock sector. Targeting Annex I countries and exempting non-Annex I countries from land-based carbon policies on equity or food security grounds may result in significant leakage rates for livestock production and agriculture as a whole. We find that such leakage can be eliminated by supplying forest carbon sequestration incentives to non-Annex I countries. Furthermore, substantial additional global agricultural abatement can be attained by extending a greenhouse gas emissions tax to non-Annex I agricultural producers, while compensating them for their additional tax expenses. Because of their relatively large emissions intensities and limited abatement possibilities, ruminant meat producers face the greatest market adjustments to land-based climate policies. We also evaluate the impacts of climate policies on livelihoods and food consumption in developing countries. In the absence of non-Annex I abatement policies, these impacts are modest. However, strong income and food consumption impacts surface because of higher food costs after forest carbon sequestration is promoted at a global scale. Food consumption among unskilled labor households falls but rises for the representative farm households, because global agricultural supplies are restricted and farm prices rise sharply in the face of inelastic food demands.

Monday, February 4, 2013

2013 Seedlings on the way!

Found a wonderful spot to grow some organic heirloom seedlings for the 2013 season, and can't wait for my seeds to arrive.

The "catalog" I'm putting together includes stolen photos of veggies, growing tips, recipes, and information about food justice and environmental health issues that are making heirloom gardening a revolutionary act.

I have very limited space here, but am going to try to offer garden classics among some rare, endangered, and unusual varieties. I choose varieties that are relatively easy-to-grow (for bay area climate), yield well and/or/offer nutritional or historical significance.  Some varieties I chose for being pollinator-friendly.

I use non-GMO (genetically modified), open-pollinated seeds, organic soil, and use no chemical sprays or fertilizers.  I encourage gardeners to go organic, and include a list of local places to learn about natural gardening and urban homesteading for food security in the catalog.